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Drug Addiction in South Dakota

Drugs continue to flood the streets of states across America as more home labs, grow operations and drugs come across the border. A report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration shows that South Dakota ranks in the top 10 states for illicit drug abuse among teens. The White House reported that 21 percent of admissions into treatment programs were for stimulants such as methamphetamine. As much as 6.07 percent of South Dakota’s population had used illicit drugs in the last month, according to findings from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

 

What are Street Drugs?

Street drugs are all substances that are illegal and not allowed to be sold to the public. Many of these have not been deemed beneficial for medical purposes and fall into the Schedule I drug category. Most other drugs fall under Schedule II, which means that they do have some proven medical benefits but also have a high chance for abuse. Some illegal drugs include cannabis, hashish, heroin, opium, cocaine, methamphetamine and MDMA. A person caught in possession of these can serve jail time. Many of these drugs are physically addictive, such as meth and cocaine, and the continued use of these substances will almost always lead to an addiction.

Some of the most common street drugs and the signs of an addiction are as follows:

Methamphetamine

Meth is a highly addictive stimulant that can cause a severe deterioration of a person’s physical appearance. Signs of abuse include times of euphoria followed by depression and anxiety. Social isolation, risky behavior, impulsiveness and violent behavior are common in meth addicts. A person will develop “meth mouth” as their teeth deteriorate, and addicts often pick and scratch at their skin, causing abscesses. Trembling and shaking is common and there is often a loss of elasticity in a person’s skin. It is classified as a Schedule II drug as it is sometimes used for weight loss and as a medication for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Heroin

Heroin is a highly addictive opiate. Opiates affect the reward system of the brain that causes pain to be blocked and a sense of euphoria to pass over the person. It can be smoked, injected and snorted, causing an almost immediate effect on the brain. Drug paraphernalia can be a sign of a drug addiction. With heroin, there may be needles, aluminum foil, glass or metal pipes and balloons or baggies lying around. There is also a change in behavior, and moods can be very erratic. Track marks where people injected often scab and bruise the skin. Stealing to support their drug habit is also common behavior. Heroin is a Schedule I controlled substance in the U.S.

Cocaine

Cocaine is a stimulant that causes the brain to not recycle endorphins, the chemical that causes a person to feel pleasure. A street drug addiction to cocaine can show itself in several ways. Cocaine is usually an expensive drug, and people often have financial issues when they have a cocaine addiction. Frequent nosebleeds can be a sign that the person often snorts cocaine. While on it, they will be highly energetic and very talkative. They have feelings of superiority and can become involved in erratic behavior. There is a decreased need for sleep, and malnutrition is common as a person does not eat enough. People who abuse cocaine on a regular basis can sometimes suffer a break from reality and hallucinate. Cocaine is a Schedule II controlled substance under American laws.   

 

What are some of the Withdrawal Symptoms?

Withdrawal symptoms from the harder street drugs can be severe, and it is usually advised that a person seek medical care at a rehab center when they decide to get clean. A medical detox can be utilized in which a person is given medications in safe quantities to counter some of the effects of withdrawal. After detox, behavioral therapy is conducted at the rehab center. The patient can be introduced to programs such as the 12-step and alternative treatment options such as music therapy, equine therapy and chiropractic care. 

The withdrawal symptoms that addicts go through can be different based on the drug of choice and how severe the addiction is. Some people may suffer from other medical conditions that can make some symptoms worse. The following shows what the withdrawal symptoms are from meth, cocaine and heroin. 

  • Methamphetamine – Many of the withdrawal symptoms of meth are psychological. There is a risk of suicidal behavior and severe depression. There are severe cravings, more so than most drugs, and a person can have trouble sleeping. Seizures can occur as well as respiratory failure in severe cases. People often experience fevers, profuse sweating and chills.
  • Cocaine – As with meth, cocaine withdrawal symptoms are often centered on the person’s mood. Severe depression and anxiety are usually always experienced as well as tremors in the hands. A person can feel pain in their muscles and feel exhausted. Intense cravings are felt, and the person may lack an ability to feel any pleasure.
  • Heroin – As with other opiates, heroin withdrawal includes abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting. A person can also be prone to seizures during their detox. Depression and anxiety are common as there is a lack of endorphins in the brain. 

After a person goes through detox, they will be advised to further their recovery through treatment programs that are aimed at understanding the reason behind a person’s addiction and helping the patient to deal with what is happening. The importance of relapse prevention techniques is also stressed so that the person can learn to cope with stressful situations that used to trigger drug abuse. 

If you want to get help for a street drug addiction in South Dakota, there are certified rehabilitation centers that are able to help you through every step of your recovery. Call today.